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美国留学如何选择最合适的学校

美国留学更新时间:2017-02-16
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They say the US is the land of endless possibilities and since you’re reading this, you probably feel that too. But the problem that comes with these endless possibilities is that you will eventually need to make a choice.

  There are over 4,500 US universities offering undergraduate degrees. Harvard, Stanford, MIT and Caltech are just a few of the big names international students dream about on a daily basis. Let’s assume you’re one of them and you’ve decided to make your dreams come true. How can you find your perfect US university when there are just so many great options to choose from?

  人们都是美国是一个充满了无尽可能的地方,在你读了这篇文章以后,你可能也会有这样的感受。但是随这些无限可能而来的问题是你最终需要做出一个选择。

  美国有超过4,500所的大学提供本科学位专业,哈佛大学、斯坦福大学、麻省理工大学和加州理工学院仅仅只是国际学生梦想进入的一些有名的大学而已。假设你是他们当中的一员,并且想要实现你的美国留学梦想。那么你应该如何在众多的美国大学中找到最适合你的美国大学呢?

  1. Make sure you’ve identified your passions

  Do not underestimate your intuition! Even if you’ve always been told that these kinds of decisions should be based on a rational analysis, you are going to spend your next three to six years studying your subject, so you need to make sure your heart is in the right place.

  You’re probably planning to build a career in the field you choose to study, so your best option is to focus on what you are passionate about and then work out the rest of the details. You need to be honest and ask yourself if you really see yourself studying and building a career in the field you’ve chosen. If the answer is yes, you’ve already taken the most important step

  1、确定自己感兴趣的领域

  不要低估了你的天分!即使有人经常告诉你要理智的进行分析,然后做出决定。接下来的3年到6年时间内,你可能都需要学习该专业,所以你必须选择自己感兴趣的学科领域。

  你可能会在你所选择的学习领域建立你的职业规划,所以最好的选择就是专注于你感兴趣的领域,然后进行详细的学习。如果你想要学习自己感兴趣的领域,或者在你所选择的领域建立职业规划的话,请诚实的面对自己的想法。

  2. Shortlist the best US universities in your subject

  Now that you know what you subject you want to study in the US, you need to actually start searching. University rankings and subject-specific rankings can be very useful ways to find US universities that match your interests. You should also bear in mind that only US universities that are certified by the Student and Exchange Visitor Program are authorized to accept international students.

  Make a shortlist of the institutions you are interested in and thoroughly research each one. Check university websites for official information, course prospectuses and even student forums for more ‘insider’ tips. Try to get in contact with alumni if you can. Their stories are important because they can give you an idea of how your future might turn out.

  You can also make the most of social media channels to connect with universities, current students and alumni. Check out universities’ Facebook pages or Twitter accounts and see how they interact with students and the information they offer. LinkedIn university pages can also be useful, as you can check the students and alumni and see what careers they have entered. Of course, there is no general rule, but all of these outlets can help you find the best US universities for you.

  2、列出你所选专业的最好的美国大学

  现在,你已经知道你想要在美国学习什么专业了,接下来你就应该开始搜索相关的美国大学信息。大学排名和学科具体排名是选择你感兴趣的美国大学的一个有用的方式。你应该记住,只有学生和交流访问者项目认可的美国大学才有资格接收国际学生。

  把你感兴趣的学校列在清单上,然后逐一了解。建议学生浏览大学的官网网站来了解准确的信息、课程大纲;甚至是通过学生论坛来了解更多的内部信息。如果可能的话,尽可能的和毕业生取得联系。他们的故事是相当有参考价值的,因为他们他们可以让你初步的了解你的未来将会是什么样子的。

  你也可以通过多种社会媒体渠道来与大学、在校学生以及毕业生取得联系。浏览该大学的Facebook主页或者是Twitter帐户,了解他们是如何与学生互动的,以及他们提供的信息。LinkedIn大学页面也可能会对你有所帮助,因为你可以与该校的在校学生和毕业生交流,了解他们现在从事的职业。当然,虽然没有一个普遍的规定,但是所有上述这些方法都可以帮助你找到最适合自己的美国大学。

  3. Check the course content

  Many students end up disappointed in their program because they haven’t checked the course content before applying to the university. Even if you really like the university as a whole, you may have a special interest in a particular part of your subject, and you should check to see whether this is covered in the curriculum on offer.

  If you are not satisfied with the information you find or you just want more details, you can always contact the university directly. After all, the courses are what you will actually spend your time studying, and I can only assume that you want to find them interesting – both because this will make life more enjoyable, and because you’re likely to come out with better grades.

  3、了解课程学习内容

  很多学生在开始学习自己的专业之后感觉到很失望,原因就在于他们在申请该大学学习之前,没有仔细了解该专业的学习内容。即使你整体而言非常喜欢这个大学,对于你专业的某一部分有特殊的兴趣,你也应该了解该专业的具体学习内容。

  如果你对于自己找到的相关信息并不满意,并且想要获得更多的信息的话,你可以直接联系相关学校。毕竟,所有的课程都是你将要花时间去学习的专业,并且我们只能假设你想要找到感兴趣的领域——这都是因为它会让你的生活更加有趣,因为你想要获得更好的成绩。

  4. Consider the financial aspects

  You need to do your research in order to estimate the cost of your studies at a US university and your ability to pay. According to a report by the student support organization, College Board, state college tuition fees are on an average of $22,958 for non-US students. This compares to an average of $31,231 at private non-profit colleges. To these costs, you would have to add transport, accommodation and other living expenses.

  If you find out that some of the US universities you are interested in may be too expensive for you, that doesn’t mean that you have to cross them off the list. Most US universities offer financial aid packages that you could access if you are well-prepared and do not miss the deadline. There are also many scholarships to study in the US, often offered by individual universities, which you can research and apply for. In addition, you can also work part-time in order to support yourself or take up a loan. There are plenty of opportunities out there, you just need to start early and do your research.

  4、考虑你的经济能力

  为了估计你在美国大学留学的费用,评估你的支付能力,你需要做一些研究。根据学生支持组织美国大学理事会的报告,说明美国大学的学费对于非美国学生而言,平均是$22,958。而私立的非营利性学院的平均费用大约是$31,231。除了这些费用之外,你还需要在你的预算中增加交通出行费用、住宿费用以及其他的生活开销。

  如果你认为你感兴趣的一些美国大学的学费对你而言比较昂贵的话,这并不意味着你必须将它们从你的清单上划掉。大部分的美国大学提供经济援助服务,如果你已经做好申请准备,并且没有错过截止时间的话,你将有机会获得经济援助资格。在美国大学还有很多的奖学金,通常由单独的大学提供,你可以详细的了解相关信息,然后进行申请。除此之外,为了支持你的留学生活,你还可以做兼职或者是申请贷款。美国有很多的留学机会,只要你尽早开始并且仔细研究相关信息。

  5. Find out what student accommodation US universities offer

  Moving to a different country in order to upgrade your education is as exciting as it is scary for most international students. This is why it is vital to start your research early and find all the information you need in order to live conformably during your study years.

  Most US universities offer accommodation inside the student campus. That will be amazing for you, since you will probably be sharing a kitchen with other students and have the chance to interact and get to know them easily. You need to check all these details for every university you decide to apply to.

  5、了解美国大学提供的宿舍

  对于国际学生而言,为了提升自己的学位水平前往另外一个国家学习是一件激动人心的事情,同时也是一件让人害怕的事情。这也是为什么你要尽早的开始你的信息研究的原因,并且为了在你留学期间生活的舒适,找到所有你需要的信息。

  大部分的美国大学提供校内宿舍。在学生宿舍,你可能会与其他的学生共享厨房,因此获得与其他同学互动交流的机会,并且更加容易的了解他们。如果你决定申请某一所美国大学,请浏览该学校的官网,了解相关的详细信息。

  6. Decide where you want to study in the US

  One of the important factors when choosing a US university is also the location. Yes, you dream about studying in the US, but each state and city has its own personality, unique culture, climate, economy, history and more. Some states are more popular among international students than others. Take a look at our state guides to help you gather more information and make your choice.

  6、了解你想要在美国哪个地方学习

  在选择一所美国大学的时候,地理位置也是一个重要的因素。是的,你梦想着去美国留学,但是美国的每一个州以及每一个城市都有它自己的个性、独特文化、气候、经济、历史以及等等。一些州可能会更加受到留学生的青睐。

  7. Attend university fairs, virtual events or online information sessions

  To find out more about the US universities you are interested in, you may be lucky enough to be able to actually visit the US and check out the institutions in person. Alternatively, you could meet university representatives at university fairs in a city close to where you live. As an international student, online methods of communication can be especially helpful. We recommend that you attend virtual university fairs or online information sessions, such as the QS World University Tour #StudyinUSA virtual fair, where you can connect directly with university representatives and students right from your home.

  As you can see, once you make a strong plan and focus on researching your best options, making your dream become reality doesn’t seem so complicated anymore. Good luck in your research!

  7、参加大学招生、虚拟大会、或者在线信息交流会

  想要了解更多有关你感兴趣的大学的信息,你可以实地访问该美国大学,并且亲自和相关学校的人员交流。除此之外,你可以选择参加在离你最近的城市举办的大学招生会,见到该学校的招生代表,了解你所需要的信息。作为一名国际学生,在线交流是一种很有效的方式。我们建议你参加虚拟大会或者在线信息交流会,例如QS世界大学之旅#美国学习虚拟大会,在这里,你可以直接与该大学的代表以及在你所在地区的学生取得联系。

  正如你所了解到的,一旦你有了一个强有力的计划,并且集中精力寻找最适合自己的学校的时候,实现美国留学的梦想看起来就没有那么难了。最后,祝你好运!