It was 3:45 in the morning when the vote was finally taken. After six months of arguing and final 16 hours of hot parliamentary debates, Australia’s Northern Territory became the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die. The measure passed by the convincing vote of 15 to 10. Almost immediately word flashed on the Internet and was picked up, half a world away, by John Hofsess, executive director of the Right to Die Society of Canada. He sent it on via the group’s on-line service, Death
NET. Says Hofsess: “We posted bulletins all day long，because of course this isn’t just something that happened in Australia. It’s world history.”
The full import may take a while to sink in. The NT Rights of the Terminally Illlaw has left physicians and citizens alike trying to deal with its moral and practical implications. Some have breathed sights of relief, others, including churches, right-to-life groups and the Australian Medical Association, bitterly attacked the hill and the haste of its passage. But the tide is unlikely to turn back. In Australiawhere an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their partother states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia. In the US and Canada, where the right-to-die movement is gathering strength, observers are waiting for the dominoes to start falling.
Under the new Northern Territory law, an adult patient can request death probably by a deadly injection or pillto put an end to suffering. The patient must be diagnosed as terminally ill by two doctors. After a “cooling off” period of seven days, the patient can sign a certificate of request. After 48 hours the wish for death can be met. For Lloyd Nickson, a 54-year-old Darwin resident suffering from lung cancer, the NT Rights of Terminally Ill law means he can get on with living without the haunting fear of his suffering: a terrifying death from h is breathing condition.“I’m not afraid of dying from a spiritual point of view, but what I was afraid of was how I’d go, because I’ve watched people die in the hospital fighting for oxygen and clawing at their masks,” he says.
36.Which of the following has the similar meaning to the sentence “But the tide is unlikely to turn hack”?
A) US and some other countries are waiting for the dominoes to start falling.
B) It is impossible to pass the bill.
C) Doctors are allowed by law to take the lives of the ill patients.
D) The fact that the NT Rights of the Terminally Ill Law has been passed probably can’t be changed.
37.From the second paragraph we learn that ______.
A) the objection to euthanasia is slow to come in other countries
B) physicians and citizens share the same view on euthanasia
C) changing technology is chiefly responsible for the hasty passage of the law
D) it takes time to realize the significance of the law’s passage
38.When the author says that observers are waiting for the dominoes to start falling, he means ______.
A) observers are taking a wait-and-see attitude towards the future of euthanasia
B) similar bills are likely to be passed in the US, Canada and other countries
C) observers are waiting to see the result of the game of dominoes
D) the effect-taking process of the passed bill may finally come to a stop
39.When Lloyd Nickson dies, he will ______.
A) face his death with calm characteristic of euthanasia B) experience the suffering of a lung cancer patient
C) have an intense fear of terrible suffering D) undergo a cooling off period of seven days
40.The author’s attitude towards euthanasia seems to be that of ______.
A) opposition B) suspicion C) approval D) doubt
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
41.We were only able to make a ______ estimate of annual cost.
A) coarse B) rough C) crude D) rude
42.It is ______ nonsense that we win the game by chance.
A) sheer B) shield C) shear D) sheet
43.The diet should be perfectly ______ most people.
A) deficient in B) short of C) intent on D) adequate for
44.The ______ student will have a chance to be successful if he has self-confidence in his mind.
A) common B) usual C) averageD) general
45.Everybody has the general knowledge that the human body is a ______machine.
A) delicate B) precise C) considerateD) sensitive
46.______ cars in traffic jams cause a great deal of pollution.
A) Standing B) Stable C) Stationary D) still
47.We are told that over the next few months our work ______ will change.
A) pattern B) scale C) grade D) rank
48.You can pay for the house in ______ over a specified number of years.
A) compensation B) substitution C) installments D) commission
49.The fragile peace between the two countries was hanging by a ______ .
A) thread B) rope C) string D) cord
50.In general, native speaker will make ______ too when they use their native language.
A) errors B) mistakes C) weaknesses D) flaws
51.The organization publishes a regular ______ of world population statistics.
A) themes B) leaflets C) digests D) insights
52.The government has an ______ to cut tax if he promised to do so.
A) impulse B) influence C) sympathy D) obligation
53.In this company, most of the employees are women, but in the boards of corporations, women are in a ______ .
A) minimum B) shortage C) scarcity D) minority
54.I promised you that I’d help you, I’m not going ______ that.
A) in for B) along withC) back on D) through with
55.I was trying to tell him what really happened, but he ______ me______.
A) gave...up B) cut...short C) turn...out D) put...through
56.What others think I do not know, I can only ______ for myself.
A) speak B) talk C) tell D) say
57.The team has been ______ down the league table and really needs some new players.
A) declining B) lessening C) slipping D) descending
58.They ______ the classroom by adding a new building to it in order to
hold more students.
A) enhance B) enlarge C) strengthen D) magnify
59.Do you think you could ______ that chocolate cake?
A) duplicate B) stimulate C) accelerate D) modify
60.On the computer keyboard, this is the key for ______.
A) repelling B) constraining C) compelling D) deleting
61.We can ______ the dangers of driving if we obey all the rules of the road.
A) furnish B) minimize C) prolong
62.While I was on vacation abroad, my mail ______ in the box.
A) accumulate B) assemble C) converge D) crowd
63.Pressing this button, you can ______ the direction of movement of the machine.
A) confuseB) perplex C) hamper D) reverse
64.He’s given too much to his career, worked long hours, and ______ his own children.
A) discard B) miss C) neglect D) omit
65.Tom hardly seems middle-aged, ______ old.
A) less likely B) let alone C) much worseD) all else
66.The way in which information is transmitted has changed ______.
A) dramatically B) startlingly C) enormouslyD) uniquely
67.These are information that I really need to keep on ______.
A) sequence B) segment C) pile D) file
68.That’s one of the most astonishing economic ______ seen since the Second World War.
A) transmissions B) transitions C) transformationsD) transaction
69.Relationships in our department provide a ______ of the fact that people of different nations and cultures can work together peacefully.
A) demonstration B) manifestation C) implementation D) expedition
70.The company is trying to increase its ______ of the market.
A) circulation B) reproduction C) manipulation D) penetration